Nearly half of all American adults have an immediate family member who has experienced incarceration, according to a new study, underscoring the extent of mass imprisonment in the United States.
The study published Thursday by Cornell University and lobbying group FWD.us, found that about 45 percent of US adults (around 113 million people) have an immediate family member who has been incarcerated for at least one night in jail or prison.
The study was based on online and phone surveys conducted on a nationally representative sample of 4,041 adults in the summer of 2018.
One in seven US adults has an immediate family member who has been incarcerated for at least one year, and one in 34 adults has had an immediate family member spend 10 years or longer in prison, it added.
An estimated 6.5 million people, or one in 38, have an immediate family member who is currently incarcerated in jail or prison, the report said.
Incarceration results in a variety of direct and indirect harms, according to the study.
"Research has shown that even short periods of incarceration can be devastating to people's lives and additional punishments such as fines and fees," it said.